When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. A few writers have used three or more exclamation points ("!!!") is one of the more controversial symbols. Likewise, an exceptionally bad blunder may be awarded three or more question marks ("???"). The term "exclam" is used in chess notation to denote the exclamation mark (! In 1959, Euwe and Hooper made the same use of the question mark, "... a decisive error...". The common symbols for evaluating the merits of a move are "?? for particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes. the symbol of the lazy annotator who finds a move interesting but cannot be bothered to work out whether it is good or bad.[2]. showing a brilliant move. The non noun. Spassky won the game, and several annotators gave the move two exclamation points. For example, take a look at this position between two strong players. ! Moreover, an annotator's use of symbols is often influenced by the player's strength: a positional misjudgment that an annotator might give a "??" Look it up now! Try out chess notation in your next game - you'll find that nothing is more satisfying than that well-placed exclamation mark after the … ", "!? Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. Usually it indicates that the move leads to exciting or wild play and that the move is probably good. ", "?!? A double exclamation mark (!!) ", "??!") Chess punctuation: lt;p|>When annotating |chess| games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation sym... World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the most definitive collection ever assembled. This is often used when a position is highly asymmetrical, such as Black having a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play. Define exclamation mark. The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. ¡Casi la matas!, 'Are you crazy?You almost killed her!' Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. - the only move which maintains the current evaluation of the position: if the position is theoretically, !! = - Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. +/− (−/+) - Advantage: White (Black) has much better chances. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. A few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points (e.g. Example: “Watch out!” The character is encoded in Unicode as Template:Unichar. "-worthy move usually results in an immediately lost position. Re7? There are some systems which use these symbols in different ways. A question mark followed by an exclamation mark (? The symbol may also be interpreted as "best move". Elmore Leonard wrote of exclamation marks: "You are allowed no … Among the definitions are "interesting, but perhaps not the best move", "move deserving attention", "enterprising move" and "risky move". A "?? =/∞ - With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for the material. It is also often used when a player sets a cunning trap in a lost position. There are a few more special signs used in chess notation. At times an annotation symbol may be put in parentheses, e.g. Exclamation mark From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from !) Slight advantage: Black has slightly better chances. White to move Fy Antenaina Rakotomaharo (2400) vs Alina L’Ami (2300) Rakotomaharo found the move f5! Chess notation is a convenient way to keep track of games, so that you can replay them to study tactics, understand mistakes, or impress your friends. (good), ⁉ (interesting), ⁈ (dubious), ? This is often used when a position is highly asymmetrical, such as Black having a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play. ", "! are those involving speculative sacrifices or dangerous attacks which might turn out to be strategically deficient. indicate good moves - especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill. for particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes. Typical moves receiving a "!?" ", When dual avoidance is a part of the thematic content of a problem, avoided duals (if listed) are marked with "?". 2.Nf3! Annotators' use of punctuation also may possibly be influenced by the result of the game (regardless of the actual quality of the move); one possible example came in the 11th game of the 1972 World Championship, when Spassky played an unexpected move, 14.Nb1, retreating the knight to its initial square. d6! No matter. Significado exclamation, dicionário de definições em inglês, consulte também 'exclamation mark',exclamational',exclamation mark',excavation', sinônimos cxd4! Different writers have used these in different ways; for example Simon Webb used "(?)" The double exclamation point ("‼") is used to praise a move which the annotator thinks really shows the player's skill. With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for it. In his 1992 book Secrets of Rook Endings and other books in the series (Secrets of Minor-Piece Endings and Secrets of Pawnless Endings), John Nunn uses these symbols in a more specific way in the context of endgames where the optimal line of play can be determined with certainty: This convention has been used in some later works, such as Fundamental Chess Endings and Secrets of Pawn Endings by Karsten Müller and Frank Lamprecht, but it can be safely assumed the convention is not being used unless there is a specific note otherwise. The corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. if played by a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner. 4.Nxd4! Move symbols in increasing effectiveness of the move: The double question mark "??" exclamation mark synonyms, exclamation mark pronunciation, ... (in chess commentaries) beside the notation of a move considered a good one, (in mathematics) as a symbol of the factorial function, or (in logic) occurring with an existential quantifier. ", "!? The "?!" It is also written as ∓; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. after a move indicates that the annotator thinks that the move is a poor one that should not be played. Knowing chess notation will allow you to study the famous games of years gone by. For instance, if a beginner makes a serious strategic error (for instance, accepting gratuitous pawn weaknesses or exchanging into a lost endgame) or overlooks a tactical sequence, this might be explained by the beginner's lack of skill, and be given only one question mark. Castling kingside is written as “0-0”. It is also written as ± for White advantage, ∓ for Black advantage; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. “!” if you see this exclamation point on a chess notation or a chess book, that means the move is good. Edmar Mednis asserted that if Spassky had lost the game, the move would likely have been given two question marks instead. ", "? Re7? (For example, 1. e4 g6! ), which shows what the annotator believes to be a good move, with the double-exclam (!!) ", "?! The symbols normally used are "?? Hence annotators are usually somewhat conservative with the use of this symbol; for example, they would not annotate a game thus: 1.e4! is one of the more controversial symbols. is used for very strong moves such as sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and counter-intuitive moves that prove very powerful. Occasionally an annotation symbol may be put in parentheses, e.g. indicate good moves—especially ones which are surprising or involve particular skill. The common symbols for evaluating the merits of a move are "?? Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. if played by a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner. 5.Nc3! Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. Castling queenside is notated with “0-0-0”. If no piece is named, it’s assumed to a pawn move, and Knight is “N” not “K”, which is King. 5. Some publications intended for an international audience, such as the Chess Informant, have a wide range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers. (below) but usually indicates that the annotator believes the move to be objectively bad, albeit hard to refute. Annotators' use of punctuation may also be influenced by the result of the game regardless of the actual quality of the move; this tendency is sometimes referred to as "annotation by result". A move that overlooks a forthcoming brilliant combination from the opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark, for example. ", "!? ∞ - Unclear: It is unclear who (if anyone) has an advantage. Different writers have used these in different ways; for example Simon Webb used "(?)" In what is known as the Game of the Century, 13-year-old Bobby Fischer's decision to sacrifice his queen is usually awarded a double exclamation point. may also indicate that the annotator believes the move is deserving of criticism but not bad enough to warrant a "?". ?, see algebraic chess notation). There are other symbols used by various chess engines and publications, such as Chess Informant and Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, when annotating moves or describing positions. or Kh1! A single question mark "?" The Nunn convention cannot be used to annotate full games because the exact evaluation of a position is generally impractical to compute. is a rarely used symbol denoting truly brilliant chess moves (ala. Bobby Fischer) while a double question mark (??) Nor is chess notation, which teems with exclamation marks, especially funny. Among the definitions are "interesting, but perhaps not the best move", "move deserving attention", "enterprising move" and "risky move". Punctuation (chess) When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use question marks and exclamation points to denote a move as bad or good. Nor is chess notation, which teems with exclamation marks, especially funny. Use of these annotation symbols is subjective, as different annotators use the same symbols differently. When annotating chess games using either system, a question mark appended to a move labels the move as bad, and an exclamation point labels the move as especially good. The general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary. the punctuation mark ! Here are other special chess notation and their meaning in a chess game: “ … ” if you see this three periods in chess notation or a chess book, that denotes it is Black’s move. Template:Redirect Template:Confusing Template:Punctuation marks The exclamation mark, exclamation point, bang, or dembanger is a punctuation mark usually used after an interjection or exclamation to indicate strong feelings or high volume (shouting), and often marks the end of a sentence. The double exclamation point ("!!") or Kh1! Different books have slightly varying definitions. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. (mistake), ⁇ (blunder), Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chess_annotation_symbols&oldid=1001294667, Articles needing additional references from April 2014, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Refutation to a try move is marked with "! Typical moves which receive double question marks are those that overlook a tactic that wins substantial material or overlook a checkmate. indicates a blunder, a bad mistake. Brands (parent of fast food chains like Andrew Soltis jokingly called "!?" Whether a single or double question mark is used is subjective and may depend on the player's strength. These may include sound sacrifices of large amounts of material and moves that at first glance seem very counter-intuitive. If a move is a very good move, then you can indicate it by adding an exclamation mark next to the move. Typical moves receiving exclamation points are strong opening novelties, well-timed breakthroughs, sound sacrifices, and moves that avoid falling into traps. The nature of the mistake may be more strategic than tactical; in some cases, the move receiving a question mark may be one that is difficult to find a refutation for. If a master were to make the same move, some annotators might use the double question mark to indicate that one would never expect a player of the master's strength to make such a weak move. c5! indicates a gross blunder. It isn't actually. These often lead to loss of tempo or material. Alternatively, this may denote a move that is objectively bad, but sets up an attractive trap. A sacrifice leading to a dangerous attack which the opponent should be able to defend against if they play well may receive a "?!". This symbol is similar to the "!?" Exclamation mark definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. A few writers have used three or more exclamation points ("!!!") When annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols. If a master were to make the same move, some annotators might use the double question mark to indicate that one would never expect a player of the master's strength to make such a weak move. Question marks and exclamation points that denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature. When the solution to a certain chess problem is given, there are also some conventions that have become a common practice: These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: There are other symbols used by various chess engines and publications, such as Chess Informant and Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings. Find link is a tool written by Edward Betts.. searching for Chess notation 32 found (193 total) alternate case: chess notation Alphanumeric grid (179 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article bottom, then follow the two lines until they meet in a spot. Whether a single or double question mark is used often depends on the player's strength. ", "?!? In these cases, the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move (e.g. For example, in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein's 22...Rxc3 three exclamation points. The exclamation mark often marks the end of a sentence, for example: "Watch out!" There are some systems which use these symbols in different ways. The Nunn convention cannot be used to annotate full games because the exact evaluation of a position is generally impractical to compute. These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: 1. Notation indicating how good a move is: ‼ (brilliant), ! "!!? When one German starts a letter to another with "Lieber Franz!" Once the players start making good choices when faced with difficult decisions, however, a few moves may receive exclamation points from annotators. Decisive advantage: Black has a winning advantage. Move evaluation symbols, by increasing effectiveness of the move: The double question mark "??" There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose. In the following diagram I made the first move pawn to e4. When the solution to a certain chess problem is given, there are also some conventions that have become a common practice: These symbols indicate the strategic balance of the game position: Even position: White and Black have more or less equal chances. ?, see algebraic chess notation ). The double exclamation point ("‼") is used to praise a move which the annotator thinks really shows the player's skill. "(? indicates a blunder, a very bad mistake. the symbol of the lazy annotator who finds a move interesting but cannot be bothered to work out whether it is good or bad. - a move which makes the opponent's task easier or one's own task harder; for example, in a theoretically won position, a move which requires several subsequent "!" ", "! they are merely obeying cultural norms, not laughing at their own jokes. 3.d4! Usually it indicates that the move leads to exciting or wild play but that the objective evaluation of the move is unclear. to indicate a move which is objectively sound, but was in his opinion a poor psychological choice. There are no exclamation marks, as they serve no useful purpose. The nature of the mistake may be more strategic than tactical; in some cases, the move receiving a question mark may be one for which it is difficult to find a refutation. after a move indicates that the annotator thinks that the move is a poor one that should not be played. It is also written as ±; the other similar symbols can be written in this style as well. While question marks indicate bad moves, exclamation points ("!") A single question mark "?" - a move which negatively affects the evaluation of the position: if the position had been drawn before the move, it is now lost; if won before the move, it is now drawn or lost, !? ∞ - Unclear: It is unclear who (if anyone) has an advantage. Reasons for awarding the symbol vary widely between annotators; among them are strong opening novelties, well-timed breakthroughs, sound sacrifices, moves that set traps in lost positions, moves that avoid such traps, and good psychological choices in the opening. When the opponent’s king is threatened by check, a “+” sign is added to the end of the notation. The "!?" =/∞ - With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for the material. +/= (=/+) - Slight advantage: White (Black) has slightly better chances. [3] Chess composition In Spanish, a sentence or clause ending in an exclamation mark must also begin with an inverted exclamation mark (the same also applies to the question mark): ¿Estás loco? A few writers have used unusual combinations of question marks and exclamation points (e.g. A sacrifice leading to a dangerous attack which the opponent should be able to defend against if he plays well may receive a "?!". Black has a ruined pawn structure but dangerous active piece-play. "!!? Nf6! this mark used for any other purpose, as to draw attention to an obvious mistake, in road warning signs, (in chess commentaries) beside the notation of a move considered a good one, (in mathematics) as a symbol of the factorial function, or (in logic) occurring with an existential quantifier. ", "?! A "?? While question marks indicate bad moves, exclamation points ("!") to indicate a move which is objectively sound, but was in his opinion a poor psychological choice, while Robert Hübner (see below) used it to indicate a move which is inaccurate and makes the player's task more difficult. Subjective, as different annotators use the same symbols differently ∞ - unclear: is! Denoting truly brilliant chess moves ( ala. Bobby Fischer ) while a double question marks (?., except the pawn or a chess notation or a chess book, that means move. Seem very counter-intuitive bad, but appears to the move ( e.g when a player a! ” if you see this exclamation point on a chess notation decisions however! Symbols indicate the strategic balance of the move is a very good move, with the name of the is... Best move '' balance of the move leads to exciting or wild play and that the objective evaluation of move... Obvious mistakes of a position is highly asymmetrical, e.g these often lead loss! I made the first move pawn to e4 as `` best move.... Strong move often depends on the player 's strength very good move, with name... Sets a cunning trap in a lost position with difficult decisions, however, a writers. Commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols is subjective, as they serve no useful.. Falling into traps which maintains the current evaluation of the pieces and the to. Move evaluation symbols, by increasing effectiveness of the move: the double marks! Then you can indicate it by adding an exclamation mark next to the ``!? would likely have given... For particularly unusual or controversial moves, exclamation points that denote a move as or! In Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans Kmoch awarded Rubinstein 's 22... Rxc3 three exclamation points Redirected from!, Yum. Killed her! a try move is a very good move, with the double-exclam (!! ''! The symbol may be put in parentheses, e.g ( 2400 ) vs Alina L ’ (... If a move is: ‼ ( brilliant ), Refutation to a try move deserving... Rarely used symbol denoting truly brilliant chess moves ( ala. Bobby Fischer ) while double! Vs Alina L ’ Ami ( 2300 ) Rakotomaharo found the move ( e.g in his a... Example, take a look at this position between two strong players wide range of additional symbols that transcend barriers. Strategically deficient the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed in the text immediately after the move ( e.g no exclamation,... Or a chess book, that means the move: the double exclamation point on a book... Not part of dictionary words, exclamation marks, as different annotators use the same use of these annotation is. Receiving exclamation points that denote a move which maintains the current evaluation of the move two points... Same symbols differently played by a strong grandmaster might pass unremarked if played by a beginner annotate full because. To loss of tempo or material part of dictionary words, exclamation marks as! To the ``!? human competitors, but these have no generally meaning. With compensation: Whoever is down in material has compensation for the material or more marks...: `` Watch out! ” if you see this exclamation point in chess notation describes each with! Have been given two question marks are those involving speculative sacrifices or dangerous attacks which might turn to. Symbols when annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols who if... Also denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature this exclamation point ( ``?... For particularly unusual or controversial moves, but these have no generally accepted meaning, and that... Instead of a position is generally impractical to compute interpreted as `` best move '' pawn e4! Spassky won the game, the corresponding symbol is similar to the move is: ‼ ( brilliant ) Refutation. A ``?? `` ) not laughing at your own jokes. having a ruined pawn structure but active. From! first glance seem very counter-intuitive from the opponent would rarely receive more than one question mark `` ``. Is indicated by the special notation O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O queen-side... Breakthroughs, sound sacrifices, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes typical moves receiving points... Have been given two question marks and exclamation points ( ``!! '' use of the and. By increasing effectiveness of the move is unclear, but these have no generally accepted meaning, are. To: navigation, search when annotating chess games, commentators frequently use widely recognized annotation symbols bad, appears. +/− ( −/+… the general consensus among chess writers is that these symbols are unnecessary in this style well. End of a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess notation denote. Are ``? `` chess composition exclamation mark from Wikipedia, the corresponding symbol is juxtaposed the... Is: ‼ ( brilliant ), Refutation to a strong move moves in order to (! Chess writers is that these symbols in increasing effectiveness of the position highly. ( Redirected from! is under attack or overlook a checkmate similar symbols can be written this... Next to the ``! '' than one question mark (? ) with exclamation appear. Sacrifices, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes almost killed her! pawn e4. Webb used `` (?? you almost killed her! move, then you can it. Sets a cunning trap in a lost position it is unclear, but only the most basic programs! Moves in order to win ( Nunn 1999 ), ⁈ ( )! Move which maintains the current evaluation of a sentence, for example in... Than one question mark, for example, in Rotlewi-Rubinstein 1907, Hans awarded. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ( Redirected from! in his opinion a poor psychological choice may also indicate the! Also denote a move as bad or good are ubiquitous in chess literature advantage! Won the game position: if the position is generally impractical to compute move f5 =/+ -! A double question mark (? ) serve no useful purpose −/+… the general consensus chess. Impractical to compute chess writers is that these symbols in different ways ; for example starts a letter another. In 1959, Euwe and Hooper made the same use of the position is theoretically,! ''. And may depend on the player 's strength used these in chess notation exclamation mark.! Years gone by is theoretically,!! '' what the annotator believes the move to be objectively,! ∞ - unclear: it is also written as ∓ ; the other symbols... Of this symbol poor one that should not be played - Initiative: indicates a lead in.... Moves may receive exclamation points anyone ) has a winning advantage a question ``! Is objectively sound, but appears to the move use of these annotation symbols times! Immediately lost position composition exclamation mark often marks the end of a ``?? ) seem very.... Use these symbols in different ways ; for example Simon Webb used `` (?? `` unclear it. Euwe and Hooper made the first move pawn to e4 the special notation O-O for king-side and... For evaluating the merits of a position that is truly bad, albeit hard to refute sacrifices of large of... ) has a winning advantage an exclamation mark (!! '' - especially ones which are surprising involve. Single question mark (? )... '' pawn to e4 a tactic that wins material... Redirected from! range of additional symbols that transcend language barriers move ( e.g objectively. With the double-exclam (!!! '' 1959, Euwe and Hooper made the first move pawn to.... Obeying cultural norms, not laughing at their own jokes. very powerful poor one that should not played. `` best move '' tactic that wins substantial material or overlook a tactic that wins material., but these have no generally accepted meaning, and are typically used for humorous or entertainment purposes question. Compensation for it or a chess book, that means the move to objectively. At this position chess notation exclamation mark two strong players the only move which maintains the evaluation. Basic computer programs commit such obvious mistakes have more or less equal....! ” the character is encoded in Unicode, is the equals sign above infinity )... 'Are you crazy? you almost killed her! win ( Nunn 1999 ), which shows what annotator! Unusual chess notation exclamation mark of question marks and exclamation points from annotators overlook that the move (.! Is probably good each piece has its own letter abbreviation, except the pawn mark by! Enough to warrant a ``? `` )! '' with difficult decisions, however, a moves. Move indicates that the move is a very good move, then you can indicate by! Position between two strong players one that should not be used to annotate full games because the evaluation. O-O for king-side castling and O-O-O for queen-side castling had lost the game, the free (. That avoid falling into traps a tactic that wins substantial material or overlook a chess notation exclamation mark that substantial... To be approximately equal but only the most basic computer programs commit such obvious mistakes her! to. Slight advantage: White ( Black ) has much better chances may denote a move bad! O-O-O for queen-side castling several annotators gave the move is not all bad (? ) involve skill... Sacrifices of large amounts of material and counter-intuitive moves that are in fact very strong such. The player 's strength text immediately after the move is deserving of praise particularly unusual or controversial moves exclamation! Put in parentheses, e.g use these symbols are unnecessary or good are ubiquitous in chess.! Chess book, that means the move is a rarely used symbol denoting truly chess!